Globally there are as many as 244 million people ‘on the move.' People migrate for many, varied reasons. Some people are voluntary migrants who leave their home for reasons of employment or reunification with family and friends. Other people experience forced migration. They are often forced to leave their homes in search of safety, chased by factors including war, natural disaster, political violence, social oppression, and economic insecurity. Depending upon the reasons for their decision to leave their homeland, most migrating people fall into one of three descriptive categories: Immigrant, Refugee, or Migrant.
Immigrant: An immigrant is a person who is a non-native in a country where they reside; they do not possess birth-citizenship. An immigrant settles or resides there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, in order to take up permanent employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Migrant: Anyone moving from one country to another is considered a migrant unless he or she is specifically fleeing a proven situation of war or persecution in which case they can be considered a Refugee.
Why be concerned?
While people voluntarily migrate for a variety of reasons every day, forced migration and displacement is a growing global reality. According to the United Nations, the recent uptick in human migration represents a huge surge since the year 2000. At the beginning of 2016, more than 60 million, or nearly 1 out of every 100 people worldwide have been forcibly displaced from their homes. This represents the highest number of migrants since World War II. Migrants, Refugees and Immigrants all face danger, prejudice and fears as they seek safety and their human rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of their dreams. People on the move, such as migrants, refugees and immigrants, are frequently exploited. Absent clear and practical policies in countries where they seek safety, they become vulnerable to many forms of abuse especially human trafficking.
Educational Resources on Immigration
The reasons for forced human displacement include factors such as wars/conflicts, economic crises, political instability, and environmental disasters.
Immigration (U.S.) The United States has always been a nation of immigrants. From one era to another, various groups of peoples have come to the United States to begin a new life. U.S. Immigration policies developed from ‘ open door’ to ‘quota systems.’ At different times in U.S. history, certain nations and groups of peoples enjoyed ‘favored immigration status’ in the United States.
Why be concerned? The United States has not passed a comprehensive immigration reform law in over 20 years. The U.S. immigration system is broken and is in need of reform. Because it is almost impossible for people to migrate to the U.S. legally, there are approximately 11 million undocumented immigrants living and working in the United States. Stop gap measures such as immigration detention and deportation without due process under the law, racial profiling and arbitrary immigration raids are on the rise in the United States. These practices raise grave concerns regarding the integrity of the U.S. Constitution and the future of the nation.